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Types of infertility

Primary and Secondary Infertility


According to World Health Organization (WHO), there are two types of infertility i.e., primary infertility and secondary infertility.

Following are the common causes seen in primary infertility

  • Defective production of eggs
  • Tubal damage
  • Pelvic inflammatory diseases or pelvic infections
  • Implantation failure of the embryos
  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Clotting disorders
  • Tumors
  • Obesity
  • Sexually transmitted disease or endometriosis
  • Chronic diseases such as diabetes or hypertension
  • Over exercising and malnutrition

In Men:

  • Smoking
  • Blockage in the tube transferring the sperm to the exterior
  • Chemotherapy
  • Chromosomal anomaly
  • Usage of drugs
  • Environmental pollutants
  • Retrograde ejaculation
  • Varicocele
  • Ejaculatory disorders

Authored By Dr. N.P. Vijayalakshmy MBBS, M.D., D.G.O

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